The Fur Trade and Transatlantic Slavery

Research Team

Adele Perry

Centre for Human Rights Research Director Dr. Adele Perry is working on a project funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada connecting the fur trade and transatlantic slavery. This builds on her work about how vocabularies of slavery and anti-slavery provided language in British colonial fur-trade space for the particular unfreedom of Indigenous people, the experience of indentured migrant labourers and colonial political arrangements.

Her new project looks at the connections between the western Canadian fur-trade and slavery in the 19th century. It is especially concerned with the 1820s, 30s and 40s, decades defined by the struggle for abolition in the British Empire. Perry’s research tracks the way histories of slavery and abolition were tied to those of the fur-trade. How did biographical connections link the fur-trade in what would become western Canada to Caribbean colonies organized around the enslavement of Black people? How did political conversations forged around the politics and morality of slavery shape the way that people understood and resisted forms of colonial governance and labour in the fur-trade?

She explores these questions through records available at the Hudson’s Bay Company archives and in digital repositories, including the Legacies of British Slave-ownership project. Examining the connections between slavery and the fur-trade in the age of abolition speaks to ongoing discussion about the relationship between different forms of colonial exploitation, and the histories and identities they engendered. How was the dispossession of Indigenous land and resources and the exploitation of Indigenous labour in northern North America connected to the theft and sale of Black people in the Caribbean? By extension, how are the historical roots of anti-Indigenous and anti-Black racism connected?

Perry’s research demonstrates the connections between colonial histories that we generally presume to be discrete. It speaks to the ways that histories of colonized places and peoples were connected to each other and to the long histories of contemporary struggles to connect anti-Black and anti-Indigenous racisms.

Map of British North America, 1834. Photo courtesy of the City of Vancouver Archives
Map of British North America, 1834. Photo courtesy of the City of Vancouver Archives
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

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